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群芳竞秀——苏州博物馆藏明清花鸟主题特展

展览时间: 2019年4月10日(周三) - 6月09日(周日) 展览地点: 吴门书画展厅

    群芳竞秀——苏州博物馆藏明清花鸟主题特展

 

 

序言

 

 

夫阴阳陶蒸,万象错布;玄化无言,神工独运。每当腊尽春回,东风乍起,草长莺飞,杂花生树。梅李桃杏、玉兰山茶、牡丹芍药之属次第而开,或冰清玉洁、或姹紫嫣红、或暗香袭人;飞燕仙鹤、画眉杜鹃、鸂鶒鸳鸯之属相和而鸣,或轩昂骞翥、或眠沙泳浦、或戏广浮深…其天机活泼之态、荣枯语默之候,皆足以起诗人之雅兴、引哲士之格物也。

 

昔人云:明窗净几,描写景物,名花折枝,想其态度绰约,枝叶宛转,向日舒笑,迎风欹斜,含烟弄雨,初开残落。布置笔端,不觉妙合天趣,自是一乐。考之画史,其将花鸟移入画图,唐以前乃多为点缀;至五代北宋以后,花鸟一科方成专门。所谓“黄家富贵、徐熙野逸”,即言彼时花鸟之蔚为画坛大宗而风格各异、流派始分之况。大抵而言,宋人以工笔赋采见长,元人以工笔水墨标新,明代石田、六如间以山水笔法出之,别出新意;至青藤、白阳、八大则参以草法,纵横写意,兴到笔随。入清以后,南田小山之清古,扬州海上之放逸,皆可谓渊源有自、各有造诣。

 

苏州博物馆藏有不少明清花鸟精品,本次花鸟主题特展即精心遴选馆藏明清花卉名家,若陆治、王铎、蒋廷锡、朱昂之、虚谷、任薰等人约40余幅作品展出,形制上卷、册、轴兼备,风格则工笔设色、水墨写意、没骨双钩等皆有:或一枝旁出、或掩映石畔,或扶疏风流、或岁寒磊落…调脂弄粉,极尽错彩镂金之工;逸笔草草,不妨游戏翰墨之雅。观者览之,既可赏花随指放、韵与香传之妙;亦可作如入春林、如登春台之想也。

 


 

Flowers and Birds Motif Paintings of Ming and Qing Dynasty from Suzhou Museum

 

 

Preface

 

 

While the nature is full of mysteries, everything in the universe keeps constant change. Every year when winter comes to an end and spring comes to a start, wind blows east, and flora and fauna all come to life again. Varieties of flowers bloom one after another, with glorious colors or subtle fragrance. Birds sing to each other, some hovering overhead and some shuttling through at their own will. Either their vitality or serenity is able to arouse poets’ interest and fix philosophers’ attention on dynamics of nature.

 

As the old saying goes, the scholar would like to depict the graceful flowers and luxuriant leaves swaying in sunshine, wind or rain, either in blooming or fading, against the window of the studio. When he sets the writing brush to paper, he feels it intriguing beyond words. If we turn our eyes to the history of painting, it turns out that before the Tang dynasty, flowers and birds motif merely played an insignificant role in painting. After the Five Dynasties and Song dynasty, it became one of the mainstream painting schools, with various styles and schools taking shape within itself. To summarize, the Song dynasty scholars were good at colored paintings, while the Yuan dynasty scholars ink paintings. The Ming dynasty scholars represented by the Wu School masters were innovative in strokes, while in the mid-Ming dynasty, scholars turned their attention to more impressionistic style. When it came to the Qing dynasty, different painting schools made their respective achievements that some established their name with a delicate style while some unconstrained style.

 

Suzhou Museum has a rich collection of selected Ming and Qing dynasty paintings of flowers and birds motif. This special exhibition selects about 40 objects completed by great masters with different styles and painting techniques. The painters depicted flowers and birds in various postures and states, either in extremely details or in bold but elegant manner. We hope that this exhibition will give the visitors an opportunity to appreciate the charm of flowers and birds motif paintings and have a pleasant experience.

 

展品

  • 王铎枯栏复花图卷

  • 王铎枯栏复花图卷

  • 任颐芭蕉鸡石

  • 虚谷松鹤中堂

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