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大邦之梦——吴越楚玉器·青瓷展览

展览时间: 2019年6月18日(周二) - 8月18日(周日) 展览地点: 负一层特展厅、一层争伯春秋展厅 策展人: 程义

西周初,太伯、仲雍奔吴,至十九世寿梦立,习用兵乘车,吴始益大,称王。再经诸樊、余祭、余眜、僚几代吴王苦心经营,吴国渐成春秋重要方国。及于阖闾,吴重筑都城,是为苏州城之源。

吴楚之争自寿梦始,互有征伐,吴越结怨也因吴楚相争而起之。直至公元前473年,勾践卧薪尝胆后卷土重来,复围姑苏山,夫差自刭,吴国遂亡。越灭吴后,虽会齐、宋、晋、鲁等诸侯于徐州,然不能正江、淮北。楚渐东侵,广地至泗上。公元前333年,楚威王兴兵东伐,杀越王无疆,越国覆亡。又历百年,楚益衰,公元前223年,秦将王翦、蒙武破楚,虏楚王负刍。吴、越、楚的大邦之梦,终归于秦。

千年已逝,沧海桑田。大邦之梦虽远去,故国旧物可重归。作为苏州地区文物收藏、保护、研究、展示、教育的中心,苏州博物馆多年来一直致力于吴国青铜器、原始瓷、玉器的收藏与研究。值此苏州博物馆建馆六十周年,在浙江省文物考古研究所等十三家文博机构的支持下,举办“大邦之梦——吴越楚玉器·青瓷”特展,是继2017年度“大邦之梦——吴越楚青铜器”展览后的系列学术展。

近三百余件玉器和原始瓷精品汇聚于苏州博物馆,集中展示春秋战国那段峥嵘岁月,展览共分“礼尚往来”、“乐享天籁” 、“工艺融合”、“瑞玉为信”、“美玉为礼”、“巧玉为饰”、“工玉为器”等八部分,希望能为大家重构吴、越、楚“大邦之梦”的文化内涵与融合历程,期待进一步推动吴、越、楚文化的交流和学术研究。

在此,特别感谢浙江省文物考古研究所、杭州博物馆、杭州市余杭博物馆、德清县博物馆、长兴县博物馆、绍兴市柯桥区博物馆、安徽博物院、安徽省文物考古研究所、蚌埠市博物馆、舒城县文物管理所、荆州博物馆、苏州市考古研究所、吴中区文物管理委员会办公室的鼎力支持!

是为序。


陈瑞近

苏州博物馆馆长

进入展厅


Preface

 

In the early Western Zhou dynasty, two princes, Taibo and Zhongyong, built the Wu Kingdom. The nineteenth king of Wu Kingdom, Shoumeng, advocated militarism and made Wu Kingdom strong in the region. Later, after the painstaking efforts of several kings, it gradually became an important power in the Spring and Autumn period. The Kingdom came to its summit under the reign of King Helv, who appointed to rebuild the city. This was considered to be the origin of Suzhou.

 

The battle between Wu and Chu Kingdom started from King Shoumeng, when they fought against each other and hatred spread. In 473 B.C., King Goujian of Yue Kingdom, who had once been defeated by King Fuchai of Wu Kingdom, resumed his territory. King Fuchai committed suicide and Wu Kingdom broke down. After that, though Yue Kingdom formed alliances with Qi, Song, Jin and Lu Kingdom in Xuzhou, it still failed to unite north of the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River. Chu Kingdom gradually expanded its territory towards the east, and finally to the north of Sihe River, located in Shandong Province. In 333 B.C., King of Chu launched a war in the east, in which Yue Kingdom perished. After about a hundred years, Chu Kingdom became weaker. In 223 B.C., General Wang Jian and General Meng Wu of Qin Kingdom defeated Chu Kingdom and seized the King Fuchu. Finally, the dreams of Wu, Yue and Chu Kingdom were disillusioned and Qin Kingdom established the first empire in Chinese history.

 

One thousand years have passed, and great changes have taken place. Though the kingdoms have vanished, they have left many relics. As the center of relic collection, protection, research, demonstration and education, Suzhou Museum has been committed to the collection and research of Wu bronzes, proto-porcelain and jades for years. To celebrate the 60th anniversary of Suzhou Museum, we host this exhibition with thirteen cultural institutions’ support, a continuation of the 2017 academic exhibition on Wu, Yue and Chu bronzes.

 

Nearly three hundred selected jades and proto-porcelain wares gather in Suzhou Museum to showcase the unusual days in the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period. We divide this exhibition into eight parts, in hope of reviving the cultural connotation and historic development of Wu, Yue and Chu Kingdoms and promoting the academic exchanges and research of their culture.

 

Special thanks go to Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Hangzhou Museum, Chiangnan Waterery Region Culture Museum, Deqing Museum, Changxing Museum, Keqiao District Museum of Shaoxing, Anhui Provincial Museum, Anhui Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Bengbu Museum, Shucheng Cultural Relics Management Institute, Jingzhou Museum, Suzhou Institute of Archaeology, Office of Cultural Relics Management Committee of Wuzhong District.

 

The above serves as the preface.

 

Chen Ruijin

Director of Suzhou Museum


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